Threat and Vulnerability Assessments

Kroll’s threat and vulnerability assessments mitigate countermeasures necessary to protect assets.

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Kroll’s approach to conducting a Threat and Vulnerability Assessment is based on our in-house methodology that has been utilized across entities as varied as major sporting venues, corporate headquarters, mass transit centers and campus settings. 

The primary intent of a Threat and Vulnerability Assessment is to best understand criticality of assets, vulnerabilities to those assets and mitigating countermeasures necessary to protect those assets effectively.

Kroll will identify the high-risk areas in your organization based on the severity of impact and the likelihood of a damaging/disruptive event occurring. This process typically includes both interviewing a variety of personnel and examining technical resources such as electronic security systems. When the current program is evaluated, Kroll will work with you to create a master asset list to be tested for criticality and impact as part of the assessment. These assets will be analyzed with the use of threat scenarios to determine which assets have the greatest vulnerabilities or the greatest loss impact and thereby ascertain the most critical assets requiring countermeasures.

The four major components for developing a Threat and Vulnerability Assessment include:

  1. Asset definition is where we establish priorities for the deployment of mitigating countermeasures. It is not realistic to assume that every asset can be or should be protected against every possible threat. Assets will be identified based on how critical each is to the organization and the local and national economies.
  2. Threat assessment that includes the identification and analysis of potential threats against your organization. Events are typically categorized as terrorism, criminal, natural or accidental.
  3. Vulnerability analysis is where we correlate assets and threats and define the method or methods for compromise. We will analyze the existing security program to identify any physical, operational and procedural weaknesses that may exist and identify potential countermeasures that could be implemented to minimize the probability of a damaging/disruptive event occurring. The primary goal of this analysis is to develop a profile that defines the overall threats that may affect your organization. A profile is developed categorizing threats as highly probable, possible or unlikely.
  4. Security measures are selected for implementation. The selection process is intended to channel resources to protect the most vital assets against the most probable threats. Security measures for a comprehensive security master plan address the following:
  • Architectural elements
  • Operational elements
  • Electronic security systems
  • Policies and procedures (guidelines)


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Timothy V Horner
Timothy V. Horner
Senior Managing Director and Global Head of Security Risk Management
Security Risk Management
New York
Jeff Kernohan is an associate managing director
Jeff Kernohan
Associate Managing Director
Security Risk Management
New York
Nicholas Doyle
Nick Doyle
Managing Director and Regional Leader, EMEA and APAC
Security Risk Management

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