2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Report

Kroll analyzed global data from 400 senior leaders across three continents to gain insights into the current financial crime landscape and learn how technology might stop the threat of economic, crypto and ESG crimes.
Download the Report


2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Report

Kroll’s 2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Report shares the findings from a survey of 400 executives across the globe conducted in Q1 2023. This report navigates the complex, innovative and ever-changing landscape of financial crime and technology and shines light on the more than USD 800 billion laundered every year.

We began 2023 with ongoing economic pressures, geopolitical tensions, an increasingly diverse regulatory environment and exciting advancements in AI. International headlines were dominated by revelations of Ponzi schemes, government scandals, public corruption, greenwashing, sanctions evasion and other economic crimes. Behind these headlines were passionate prosecutors, attorneys, law enforcement officials, regulators, compliance officers and risk analysts working together to combat the rising tide of financial crime. A better understanding of the state of the fight against financial crime has become more important as new technology unfolds.

Our survey found that most companies anticipate an increase in financial crime risks over the next 12 months and have doubts about the capacity of governments to keep pace with technological change and the increase of criminal activity. To close this gap, more than two-thirds of respondents said they were prioritizing their own technology investments. Questions remain regarding how these investments should be made and what else can be done to combat financial crime. This year’s report approaches these questions through a combination of survey results and expert commentary from Kroll’s global risk experts, focusing on anti-money laundering (AML), anti-bribery and corruption (ABC), sanctions, cryptocurrency and environmental, social and governance (ESG).


This year’s respondents represent eight countries including the U.S., the UK, France, Germany, Brazil, Mexico, Singapore and the UAE, with the vast majority working in highly regulated industries. Based on respondent insights, this report individually analyzes results at macro and micro levels and demonstrates a broad spectrum of geographies, challenges and Kroll expertise.

Thank you for spending time to review these results, and as always, Kroll is available to further discuss the details of these findings and to partner with you in improving your financial crime compliance, readiness and program objectives.

Key Findings

  • Financial Crime Continues to Be a Leading Threat Globally
    Sixty-nine percent of global executives and risk professionals surveyed expect financial crime risks to increase over the next 12 months with cybersecurity and data breaches as the primary drivers, followed by financial pressures on organizations. In the face of this dynamically evolving landscape, the role of the compliance function remains more crucial than ever. 
  • Organizations Are Keen to Prepare Themselves for New and Evolving Risk
    Investments in technology, increase in cybersecurity budgets and undertaking more frequent business risk assessments have been cited by respondents as the three main steps that firms intend to take during the next year to combat the increase in financial crime.


  • Responding to Risk by Investing in Advanced Technologies is a Priority 
    To counter a potential uptick in financial crime risks, two-thirds of respondents globally are planning to invest more in technology, with nearly half of respondents citing data integrity as the biggest challenge when implementing new technologies.


  • Governments Are Stepping in With Increased Measures Against Financial Crime 
    Globally, the anticipation of increased enforcement actions is on the rise, with over 60% of survey respondents predicting an escalation in the next 12 months. Many speculate that regulatory visits will start looking more closely at the use of technology as part of firms’ AML compliance programs. Respondents agree that rapidly evolving technology is the top struggle governments face against financial crime, indicating that governments may face an uphill battle.




  • AML and ABC Functions Need to Work Hand-in-hand
    AML and ABC functions are distinct specializations within most financial crime compliance programs; however, they travel in the same direction and utilize similar tools, methodologies and trainings. Efficiencies can be gained when organizations intentionally seek integration by leveraging shared resources for investigations, audits and risk assessments. 
  • Corporations That Are Non-compliant Face Immense Financial and Reputational Consequences
    Navigating the complex world of sanctions compliance is a significant challenge for multinational corporations. Forty-four percent of respondents identified geographic consistency as the top challenge for sanctions compliance programs, followed by privacy protections (39%), keeping current with changing regulations (34%) and accessibility of technological solutions to support sanctions screening (33%).


  • Organizations Believe That ESG and Transparency is Crucial but Face Procedural Challenges 
    The recurrent theme of balancing transparency and privacy, notably in beneficial ownership, calls for cautious navigation. Likewise, in environmental, social and governance (ESG) reporting, businesses must align with evolving standards to avoid the pitfalls of greenwashing and fraud.



How Technology is Transforming AML

The incredible pace of innovation in new technology comes at a time of uncertainty caused by war, geopolitical tensions, the crypto rollercoaster, speculation in financial markets and the related increase in cybercrime and cybersecurity risks. Kroll’s 2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Report survey results show that to cut costs and improve systems and controls, companies are rushing to embrace anti-money laundering (AML) technology. This creates risks as well as opportunities.

Learn More About Technology and AML

How Technology is Transforming AML?

Unraveling the Global Impact of Corruption and Bribery

ABC Regulatory Trends Expected to Increase in Next 12 Months

As the global landscape becomes increasingly fraught with risk, anti-bribery and corruption (ABC), enforcement is emerging as a salient concern among executives and risk management professionals within financial institutions and multinational corporations. Sixty-four percent of our survey participants anticipate an increase in ABC enforcement actions within the upcoming year, with a majority citing third-party gatekeepers as a significant contributory factor to escalating financial crime risk.

These concerns call for a nuanced examination, delving into the societal and economic ramifications of corruption, and the proliferating risk of economic crimes.

Learn More About Corruption and Bribery


The Future of Sanctions Compliance Programs

Top Challenges in Sanctions Compliance

Kroll’s 2023 Fraud and Risk Report notes 44% of global survey respondents cite consistent compliance across geographies as the top challenge. Sanctions compliance and rapidly evolving sanctions programs continue to strain multinational corporations and banks. Russia's war on Ukraine and evolving geopolitical landscapes have led to a massive expansion of sanctions programs and risks, prompting organizations to enhance their supply chain controls and risk management strategies. It is critical to adopt best practices, invest in technology and collaborate with peers and government regulators.

Learn More About Sanctions Compliance Programs

Data as the Critical Factor in Fighting Financial Crime

Cybersecurity and Data Breaches will Increase Organizations Financial Crime

Kroll’s 2023 Fraud and Financial Crimes Report provides a stark reminder that financial crime risk remains as potent as ever with 69% of respondents expecting financial crime threat to increase over the next 12 months. Delving deeper into this data, at least 33% of respondents expect specific risks posed by cybersecurity and data breaches to crystallize, suggesting a third of respondents’ entities will suffer some kind of adverse event.

Learn More About Data and Financial Crime


The Use and Abuse of Carbon Credits

Carbon Credits

Nearly half of Kroll’s Fraud and Financial Report survey respondents agree or strongly agree that carbon credits are an effective solution for fighting climate change. That raises some concerns in the current environment. Given the lack of clear rules for carbon credit generation or definitive best practices around their proper use, companies should be especially vigilant when purchasing and utilizing them in broader climate reduction strategies and activities.

Learn More About Carbon Credits

Path Forward

In a global environment of evolving economic pressures, geopolitical tensions and cutting-edge technological advancements, the significance of an adaptive, tech-driven strategy in combating financial crime is more critical than ever. Our findings spotlight the importance of technological adoption in anti-money laundering efforts, alongside the complexities of customer onboarding and monitoring.

The recurrent theme of balancing transparency and privacy, notably in beneficial ownership, calls for cautious navigation. Likewise, in environmental, social and governance reporting, businesses must align with evolving standards to avoid the pitfalls of greenwashing and fraud.

Learn More

Webinar Replay —2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Webinar

2023 Fraud and Financial Crime Webinar—Navigating the Complex Landscape of Financial Crime and Technology

In this webinar, Kroll's experts discussed key takeaways from this year's Fraud and Financial Crime report and strategies for getting ahead in the evolving fight against fraud and financial crime.

Watch the Replay


Why High-Quality Data is Crucial to Fighting Financial Crime

Why High-Quality Data is Crucial to Fighting Financial Crime

AI has proven transformative, particularly in combating financial crime. However, the effectiveness of AI hinges significantly on the quality of the underlying data. Read Kroll’s latest article to learn why high-quality, well-structured data is key to harnessing AI’s full potential in the fight against growing financial crime.

Read Our Article


How Technology is Transforming AML

How Technology is Transforming AML

It is fair to say that the past four years have been challenging: Brexit, the COVID-19 pandemic, economic recession, unprecedented inflation and the war in Ukraine. Each of these events has paved the way for an uptick in criminal activity.

Read More
How Technology is Transforming AML

Optimizing Customer Onboarding to Fight Financial Crime

Customer onboarding can be overshadowed by other aspects of an organization’s compliance program, often viewed as a “check-the-box exercise” that doesn’t necessarily make the headlines.

Read More
Optimize Customer Onboarding Fight Financial Crime

Beneficial Ownership and Corporate Transparency in Flux

Financial crime comes in all shapes and forms, from drug cartels laundering profits through legitimate businesses, to the rich and powerful offshoring their wealth, to students used as money mules buying million-dollar properties for unknown individuals.

Read More
Beneficial Ownership Corporate Transparency in Flux

Data as the Critical Factor in Fighting Financial Crime

There’s a saying attributed to W. Edwards Deming, the father of the mid-1980s quality movement: “In God we trust. All others must bring data.” It can hardly be truer than when applied to the challenge of fighting financial crime and the relevance of accessing the right data at the right time.

Read More
Data as the Critical Factor in Fighting Financial Crime

Unraveling the Global Impact of Corruption and Bribery

Corruption presents a daunting challenge to societies and economies worldwide. It undermines development, destabilizes governments, erodes societal trust and curbs economic growth.

Read More
Unraveling the Global Impact of Corruption and Bribery

The Future of Sanctions Compliance Programs

Sanctions are employed by governments as a means to change the behavior of a country, regime, individual actor or company.

Read More
The Future of Sanctions Compliance Program

The Challenge of Crypto and Financial Crime

There are a variety of risks that need to be considered in the case of crypto—market, regulatory and cyber risks to name a few.

Read More
The Challenge of Crypto and Financial Crime

Caveat Emptor: The Use and Abuse of Carbon Credits

The last several years have seen a material increase in the use of carbon credits and offsets by companies as part of broader global efforts to address climate change and reduce carbon emissions.

Read More
The Use and Abuse of Carbon Credits

Challenges with ESG Reporting and Transparency

Firms must make a focused effort to explain and backstop their ESG initiatives and provide the steps they have taken or will need to take to achieve their goals.

Read More
Challenges with ESG Reporting and Transparency

Financial Crime Advisory

Kroll’s global Financial Crime Advisory team is comprised of seasoned compliance, investigative and regulatory professionals to help enterprises around the world defend against the rapid growth of financial crime.

Anti-Money Laundering

Kroll’s anti-money laundering (AML) solutions are designed to help minimize the risks associated with money laundering and other illicit activities and to ensure compliance through the development and management of ongoing compliance programs and processes.

AML Compliance Due Diligence

Kroll helps clients navigate the complexities of today’s regulatory environment through a broad suite of anti-money laundering compliance screening and due diligence offers.


Kroll helps clients mitigate and respond to the risks associated with international anti-corruption legislation.

Risk Analytics Monitor

Proactively detect fraud and corruption with Kroll’s risk, investigations and data analytics experts, supported by an award-winning software.