Fairness Opinions

With a reputation built over decades, Duff & Phelps' Fairness Opinion practice delivers high quality financial advice and opinions that withstand the most rigorous scrutiny.

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Every day, boards of directors make decisions that are subject to intense external scrutiny. In pursuing the best interests of shareholders, boards must deliberate on complex corporate transactions, often in sub-optimal circumstances. Conflicted investment bankers with contingent fee arrangements, related-party transactions and the lack of market-clearing mechanisms in certain deals all complicate the board decision-making process. An independent fairness analysis and opinion helps boards of directors assess corporate transactions and fulfill their fiduciary duties. 

We are comfortable rendering opinions involving minority interests, debt securities and limited market checks. In addition to providing fairness opinions on M&A transactions, we are experts in advising and opining on transactions absent a market-clearing mechanism.

Fairness opinions is a core practice at Duff & Phelps' and we are the market leader. We rank #1 for the total number of opinions rendered over the past ten years, according to Thomson Reuters. Over the past decade, we have provided more than 1,000 fairness opinions, reflecting over $425 billion in deal value.

In addition to providing fairness opinions on M&A transactions, we are experts in advising and opining on transactions absent a market-clearing mechanism. Representative situations include:

  • Sell-side/buy-side mergers & acquisitions

  • Spin-offs, split-ups, divestitures

  • Going-private transactions

  • Related-party transactions

  • Down-round financing, minority investments, and other financing transactions

  • Requirements pursuant to certain bond indentures and credit agreements

  • Any transaction requiring a shareholder vote

  • ESOP/ERISA transactions


Howard Johnson
Howard Johnson
Head of Canadian M&A Advisory and Country Leader
M&A Advisory
Chris Nobes
Chris Nobes
Managing Director, Testifying Expert
Expert Services
Andrew Capitman
Andrew Capitman
Managing Director
Fairness and Solvency Opinions
Christopher Janssen
Chris Janssen
Managing Director and Global Head of Transaction Opinions
Fairness and Solvency Opinions

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